Thursday, November 4, 2010

Andromeda chained to the rock

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PHOTO: Andromeda chained to the rock by the Nereids’ (Andromède attachée au rocher par les Néréides), created in 1840 by French painter Théodore Chassériau (1819-1856), dimensions 92 cm x 74 cm located in Louvre Museum, Paris, France.

According to Greek mythology, Andromeda was the daughter of Cepheus and Cassiopeia, the king and queen of Ethiopia. Her mother Cassiopeia bragged around that Andromeda was more beautiful than the Nereids, the daughters of the Sea God Nereus and often seen with Poseidon.

PHOTO: The sculpture ‘Andromeda and the Sea Monster’, made by the prominent Italian Baroque sculptor Domenico Guidi (1625-1701), is currently at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, USA.,-Andromeda-and-the-Sea-Monster.jpg

To punish Queen Cassiopeia for her arrogance, Poseidon, brother of Zeus and god of the Sea, sent a sea monster, Cetus, to ravage Ethiopia. The desperate King Cepheus consulted the Oracle of Zeus, who said that there would be no respite until the King sacrificed his virgin daughter Andromeda to the sea monster.

PHOTO:Andromeda chained to a rock’ (1869) by French artist, engraver, illustrator and sculptor Paul Gustave Doré (1832-1883).

So, Andromeda was chained naked to a rock on the coast of Jaffa - most paintings and art objects depict the theme of Andromeda chained to the rocks.

PHOTO: Perseus and Andromeda’ (1679) painting by French painter Pierre Mignard (1612-1695), oil on canvas, 150 cm x 198 cm, located at the Musée du Louvre, Paris, France. The scene shows the King of Ethiopia Cepheus and Queen Cassiopeia thank Perseus for having saved their daughter Andromeda, offered in sacrifice to sea monster Cetus.,-1679,-by-Pierre-Mignard.jpg

However, Perseus slew the sea monster Cetus, saved Andromeda and married her, who was previously promised to her uncle Phineus. At the marriage there was a quarrel between Perseus and Phineus, who was turned to stone by the sight of the Gorgon's head.

PHOTO: Henri-Pierre Picou (1824–1895) French painter, 27 February 1824(1824-02-27) to17 July 1895(1895-07-17) English: Andromeda Chained to a Rock,_Henri_Pierre_-_Andromeda_Chained_to_a_Rock_-_1874.png

Andromeda followed her husband to Tiryns in Argos, where they became the ancestors of the family of the Perseidae through the line of their son Perses. Perseus and Andromeda had seven sons; Perseides, Perses, Alcaeus, Heleus, Mestor, Sthenelus and Electryon, and a daughter, Gorgophone. Their descendants ruled Mycenae from Electryon down to Eurystheus, after whom Atreus attained the kingdom, and would also include the great hero Heracles. According to this mythology, Perseus is the ancestor of the Persians.

After her death, Andromeda was placed by Athena amongst the constellations in the northern sky, near Perseus and Cassiopeia. Andromeda is represented by the constellation Andromeda which contains the Andromeda Galaxy. Four constellations are associated with the myth: Cepheus, Cassiopeia, Andromeda, and Cetus.

PHOTO:Andromeda chained to a rock’ (1869) by French artist, engraver, illustrator and sculptor Paul Gustave Doré (1832-1883).

PHOTO:Andromeda’ (1869), oil on canvas painting by British painter Sir Edward John Poynter (1836-1919).,-1869,-by-Edward-Poynter.jpg

PHOTO: Oil on olive panel painting ‘Persues and Andromeda’ (1570), also known as ‘Perseus en Andromeda’ by Italian painter and architect Giorgio Vasari (1511-1574), size 127 cm x 109 cm, located at Palazzo Vecchio, Florence, Italy.

PHOTO: Andromeda Chained to the Rocks, Rembrandt (1630) Deutsch: Andromeda an den Felsen angekettet. Nederlands: Andromeda aan de rots geketend.

PHOTO: Perseus Releases Andromeda.

PHOTO: Thetis demands that Andromeda be sacrificed to a sea monster, the dreaded Krakan. Not only does Andromeda have to die in such an undignified manner, she has to remain a virgin. - andromeda-1.jpg

PHOTO: Alexa Davalos as Andromeda in upcoming Clash of the Titans film

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