Saturday, June 7, 2014

Bukit Timah Nature Reserve

Source Website:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bukit_Timah_Nature_Reserve#cite_note-eco-10
http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/infopedia/articles/SIP_55_2004-12-20.html
https://www.nparks.gov.sg/cms/docs/worksheets/SV_Challenge.pdf


Bukit Timah Nature Reserve - South View Challenge
https://www.nparks.gov.sg/cms/docs/worksheets/SV_Challenge.pdf


The Bukit Timah Nature Reserve is a small 1.64 square kilometer (400 acre) nature reserve near the geographic center of the city-state of Singapore, located on the slopes of Bukit Timah Hill, Singapore's highest hill standing at a height of 163.63 meters, and parts of the surrounding area. The nature reserve is about 12 kilometers from the Downtown Core, Singapore's central business district.


Mangosteen flower near the visitor center (exhibition hall) at the foot of the hill
PHOTO: Mangosteen flower near the visitor center (exhibition hall) at the foot of the hill
Picture is taken on 22 March 2014 at 2:04pm
http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-5YSHf5pqHx0/U4_jlu5rtKI/AAAAAAAAbjQ/Zz--8w6VYco/s1600/CIMG4526.JPG


Despite its small size, it is considered one of the most productive pieces of nature, particularly by Alfred Russel Wallace. Together with the neighbouring Central Catchment Nature Reserve, it houses over 840 species of flowering plants and over 500 species of fauna. Today, it is one of the largest patches of primary rainforest left in Singapore. The forest reserve was formally declared as an ASEAN Heritage Park on 18 October 2011.

 
Jambu fruit tree (Syzygium samarangense) near the visitor center (exhibition hall) at the foot of the hill
PHOTO: Jambu fruit tree (Syzygium samarangense) near the visitor center (exhibition hall) at the foot of the hill
Picture is taken on 22 April 2014 at 1:07pm
http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-inEmWNLt1qI/U5AgAy0FSgI/AAAAAAAAbmk/qweIDlEWEhE/s1600/CIMG5191.JPG


The name Bukit Timah is borrowed from the tallest hill found in the area of the same name, which is also the tallest geographical location in all of Singapore. Bukit means hill in the Malay language, while Timah means tin, although tin deposits are not found in the area. The hill served as a granite quarry for many years, but since the mid-1900s, all operations of which has since been abandoned and converted into recreational areas and even filming locations.


Scenic Hindhede Quarry at the end of Hindhede Nature Park, near the visitor center (exhibition hall) PHOTO: Scenic Hindhede Quarry at the end of Hindhede Nature Park, near the visitor center (exhibition hall)
Picture is taken on 01 March 2014 at 1:14pm
http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-EhLDNbZ4aFA/U4_jhtVtE4I/AAAAAAAAbiI/UyN3Q1liT6c/s1600/CIMG3799.JPG


In 1882, Nathaniel Cantley, then Superintendent of the Singapore Botanic Gardens, was commissioned by the Government of the Straits Settlements to prepare a report on the forests of the settlements. On Cantley's recommendation, several forest reserves were created on Singapore island over the next few years. Bukit Timah was one of the first forest reserves established in 1883.

Beautiful fruit tree at the car park near the visitor center (exhibition hall) at the foot of the hill<br>Picture is taken on 22 April 2014 at 1:10pm
PHOTO: Beautiful fruit tree at the car park near the visitor center (exhibition hall) at the foot of the hill
Picture is taken on 22 April 2014 at 1:10pm
http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-RgEdX_FhjhM/U5BpN9utklI/AAAAAAAAbnI/QWK6PWq7xqA/s1600/CIMG5199.JPG


All the reserves were worked for timber with the exception of Bukit Timah Reserve. By 1937, the forest reserves were depleted under economic pressures for development. However, three areas, including the Bukit Timah Reserve, were retained for the protection of flora and fauna under the management of the Singapore Botanic Gardens.
 

The start of the Main Road (1.1km) stretching from the visitor centre to the summit of Bukit Timah Hill
PHOTO: The start of the Main Road (1.1km) stretching from the visitor centre to the summit of Bukit Timah Hill
Picture is taken on 22 March 2014 at 2:04pm
http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-QeIPPHpFyLg/U4_jomLUzrI/AAAAAAAAbkE/J9cCZkUUKr4/s1600/CIMG6079.JPG


In 1951, further protection of the reserves were provided by the enactment of a Nature Reserves Ordinance and the establishment of a Nature Reserves Board for the administration of the reserves, now designated as nature reserves, which total some 28 square kilometers in area.

 
 A clouded monitor lizard (Varanus bengalensis)
PHOTO: A clouded monitor lizard (Varanus bengalensis) sun-busking at the start of the Main Road (1.1km) stretching from the visitor centre to the summit of Bukit Timah Hill
The clouded monitor lizards (Varanus bengalensis) are mildly venomous, but their bites are often still very dangerous due to the many bacteria found in their mouths, giving their victims a bad infection, sometimes leading to fatalities. They feed on smaller animals.
From post by Ron Yeo on Saturday, October 25, 2008 at 11:51 PM
Picture is taken on 07 November 2013 at 12:07pm
http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-wq0psy8mt8U/U4_juKNMVTI/AAAAAAAAblY/-dzcavo7KLg/s1600/CIMG9497.JPG


Today, the nature reserves are set aside for the propagation, protection and preservation of the indigenous flora and fauna of Singapore under the National Parks Act and are managed by the National Parks Board.
 

A clouded monitor lizard (Varanus bengalensis) along the Main Road
PHOTO: A clouded monitor lizard (Varanus bengalensis) along the Main Road (1.1km) stretching from the visitor centre to the summit of Bukit Timah Hill
Picture is taken on 16 April 2014 at 12:11pm
http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-aSJNaxGsSjQ/U5BpN4tjeJI/AAAAAAAAbnA/zd6Itw89xVg/s1600/CIMG5109.JPG


The primary activities at Bukit Timah are strolling, running and hiking. There are also smaller groups of people who rock-climb and abseil (descend a rock face or other near-vertical surface by using a doubled rope coiled round the body and fixed at a higher point) at the Dairy Farm quarry as well as mountain biking. There are specially-allocated mountain-bike trails.


The black bat lily flower (Tacca Integrifolia)
PHOTO: The black bat lily flower (Tacca Integrifolia), rare and quite beautiful, has many 'whiskers' that can grow to two feet or more in length (according to Google). During this dry season, this flower is spotted along the start of the Main Road (1.1km) stretching from the visitor centre to the summit of Bukit Timah Hill.
http://www.ulusingapore.com/gbtimah.htm


The Reserve is popular among athletes training for mountain-climbing. There are a number of hiking trails. The blue trail is rated as "easy" and is 0.7 kilometres (0.43 mi) long, ending overlooking Hindhede Quarry.

 
The black bat lily flower (Tacca Integrifolia) at the start of the Main Road
PHOTO: The black bat lily flower (Tacca Integrifolia) at the start of the Main Road (1.1km) stretching from the visitor centre to the summit of Bukit Timah Hill.
http://www.ulusingapore.com/gbtimah.htm


The red trail is also rated as "easy" and is 1.2 kilometres (0.75 mi) long. The green trail is rated as "moderate to difficult" and is 1.9 kilometres (1.2 mi) long. The yellow trail is rated as "difficult" and is 1.8 kilometres (1.1 mi) long. The red, green and yellow trails all end at the hut at the summit of Bukit Timah hill.
 

At the start of the South View Path
PHOTO: At the start of the South View Path
Old World primary tropical rainforest - the lianas. Lianas are woody climbers. Climbing from tree to tree, they link up the various trees like highways for animals that live in the canopy.
From post by Ron Yeo on Saturday, October 25, 2008 at 11:51 PM
Picture is taken on 03 Feburary 2014 at 12:40pm
http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-oUXSv5e_uMw/U4_jgYFbPbI/AAAAAAAAbh0/uw-8xbJJENE/s1600/CIMG2770.JPG


Tigers were a menace in the Bukit Timah Reserve in the 1820s. Records show that the hill was not visited by any European or many locals in 1825. In June 1827, John Prince (contractor), Singapore's Resident Councillor, set foot on the hill. He ventured across gambier plantations and met impoverished Chinese farmers.
 

At the start of the South View Path - the lianas
PHOTO: At the start of the South View Path - the lianas
They twine in anti-clockwise direction if view from the top.
Picture is taken on 03 February 2014 at 12:39pm
http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-JkeJXSmBgzE/U4_jgM48woI/AAAAAAAAbiA/KZ2VSpd31YM/s1600/CIMG2769.JPG


It was soon discovered that there were many such Chinese farmers who inhabited the outskirts of the jungle around the hill, living in squatters under terrible conditions with crime rampant. To deal with the danger posed by the man-eaters, the farmers dug pits 6m deep and stuck a stake in the earth. This practice was banned after an ill-fated tourist fell into the pit and suffered a tragic death.

 
Long-tailed Macaques (Macaca fascicularis) or monkeys PHOTO: Long-tailed Macaques (Macaca fascicularis) or monkeys along the Main Road (1.1km) stretching from the visitor centre to the summit of Bukit Timah Hill
This pair of lovers has been playing for a while around the steep slope. We are oblivious to them when they start the kissing. They have a world of their own.
Posted by Ron Yeo on Sunday, March 07, 2010 at 11:51 PM
Picture is taken on 03 April 2014 at 1:38pm
http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-UdJ8U8Vi9vg/U4_jnP1v-xI/AAAAAAAAbjs/aD72OreNUBo/s1600/CIMG4829-1.JPG


The last tiger was shot in Bukit Timah Hill in 1924. The last one was spotted in the area in the 1940s. The banded leaf monkey (Presbytis femoralis femoralis) was an exclusive species in Singapore in the 1960s. The last one of the species vanished in 1987 after being mauled to death by dogs.
 

Long-tailed Macaques (Macaca fascicularis) or monkeys along the Main Road
PHOTO: Long-tailed Macaques (Macaca fascicularis) or monkeys along the Main Road (1.1km) stretching from the visitor centre to the summit of Bukit Timah Hill
After the minutes of stationary kissing, they appeared to be embarrassed.
Posted by Ron Yeo on Sunday, March 07, 2010 at 11:51 PM
Picture is taken on 03 April 2014 at 1:38pm
http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-SpLlYiaojOk/U4_jn5IbyVI/AAAAAAAAbkA/o11hKNJQjps/s1600/CIMG4830.JPG


Malayan Colugos (Cynocephalus variegatus)
PHOTO: The most exciting sighting for me must be the two Malayan Colugos (Cynocephalus variegatus), along the Main Road (1.1km) stretching from the visitor centre to the summit of Bukit Timah Hill
Posted by Ron Yeo on Sunday, March 07, 2010 at 11:51 PM
Picture is taken on 16 April 2014 at 12:26pm
http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-xiWiUc9rcM8/U5BpN1O1_CI/AAAAAAAAbnE/YsZTX3UQx7g/s1600/CIMG5121.JPG


Tall and gigantic winkel tree at the Main Road PHOTO: Tall and gigantic winkel tree at the Main Road (1.1km) stretching from the visitor centre to the summit of Bukit Timah Hill
'Snake' on the tree trunk at the Main Road
PHOTO: 'Snake' on the tree trunk at the Main Road (1.1km) stretching from the visitor centre to the summit of Bukit Timah Hill
Picture is taken on 03 April 2014 at 1:38pm
http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-PVGW06keFnw/U4_jfk5kSrI/AAAAAAAAbho/WTWSGMB3flA/s1600/CIMG2676-1.JPG


Imaginary Snake
PHOTO: imaginary Snake on the tree trunk at the Main Road (1.1km) stretching from the visitor center to the summit of Bukit Timah Hill
Picture is taken on 25 March 2014 at 1:17pm
http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-9Nqe3kvO9TM/U4_jmW2I0jI/AAAAAAAAbjc/nYR_4-rmTgE/s1600/CIMG4730.JPG


Imaginary Snake on the tree trunk at the Main Road
PHOTO: imaginary Snake on the tree trunk at the Main Road (1.1km) stretching from the visitor center to the summit of Bukit Timah Hill
Picture is taken on 25 March 2014 at 1:17pm
http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-y0XlD9ht34E/U4_jl7ZFqPI/AAAAAAAAbjk/kAGubZXQulk/s1600/CIMG4728-1.JPG


Red-potted leave of plant at the Main Road
PHOTO: Red-potted leave of plant at the Main Road (1.1km) stretching from the visitor center to the summit of Bukit Timah Hill
Picture is taken on 21 February 2014 at 12:35pm
http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-nr1aW6YO-5E/U4_jg_xm9AI/AAAAAAAAbh8/xcIVUFYmjuM/s1600/CIMG3485.JPG


Communication towers antennas (collectively known as TAS VHF station)
PHOTO: Communication towers antennas (collectively known as TAS VHF station) seen along the Main Road (1.1km) stretching from the visitor center to the summit of Bukit Timah Hill
Sunday, August 18, 2013
Picture is taken on 03 April 2014 at 1:21pm
http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-Hq1FAFiCwUs/U4_jm6Iqd4I/AAAAAAAAbjw/vEaZz4XonyY/s1600/CIMG4806.JPG


Shorter route to the summit (200m)
PHOTO: Along the Main Road (1.1km) stretching from the visitor center to the summit of Bukit Timah Hill
Shorter route to the summit (200m) by taking the steps but could be very challenging for most people.
Picture is taken on 11 March 2014 at 12:23pm
http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-EgqBBsFU92I/U4_jlK6vGhI/AAAAAAAAbjE/8Wjbq3Jth8w/s1600/CIMG4456.JPG

 
Longer route to the summit (550m) but the gentle slope is easier for most people.
PHOTO: Along the last 550m stretch of the Main Road to the summit of Bukit Timah Hill
Longer route to the summit (550m) but the gentle slope is easier for most people.
Picture is taken on 21 May 2014 at 10:51am
http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-4n1Pe11o-M0/U4_joLx_y2I/AAAAAAAAbj4/27RiDQ7xHss/s1600/CIMG6060.JPG


Plant flowering along the Main Road
PHOTO: Plant flowering along the last 550m stretch of the Main Road to the summit of Bukit Timah Hill
Picture is taken on 22 March 2014 at 1:25pm

A pair of Mimic Kings or Copycats (Greater Racket-tailed Drongo)
PHOTO: A pair of Mimic Kings or Copycats (Greater Racket-tailed Drongo) perching on a branch along the last 550m stretch of the Main Road to the summit of Bukit Timah Hill
Picture is taken on 31 May 2014 at 2:36pm
http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-OLCzlQc2ruE/U5B7l6OJ75I/AAAAAAAAbns/ShkZpBqbXIQ/s1600/CIMG6669-1.JPG
Very tall and handsome trees along the Main Road
PHOTO: Very tall and handsome trees along the last 550m stretch of the Main Road to the summit of Bukit Timah Hill
Picture is taken on 28 May 2014 at 12:50pm


Very tall and handsome trees along the last 550m
PHOTO: Very tall and handsome trees along the last 550m stretch of the Main Road to the summit of Bukit Timah Hill 
Picture is taken on 28 May 2014 at 12:50pm
http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-ghfvQtNbaI0/U4_jrvFr5bI/AAAAAAAAblA/pHKLC1v_J_Y/s1600/CIMG6363.JPG


Very tall and handsome trees along the last 550m
PHOTO: Very tall and handsome trees along the last 550m stretch of the Main Road to the summit of Bukit Timah Hill
Picture is taken on 28 May 2014 at 12:50pm
http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-jivwi3ODDgE/U4_jre3Y-5I/AAAAAAAAbkw/hdQwWxX7U4k/s1600/CIMG6362.JPG


Very tall and handsome trees along the last 550m
PHOTO: Very tall and handsome trees along the last 550m stretch of the Main Road to the summit of Bukit Timah Hill 
Picture is taken on 31 May 2014 at 2:38pm
http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-9qyVLBNPqDE/U4_jtq4k3gI/AAAAAAAAblg/iTPlZlrI36o/s1600/CIMG6677-1.JPG


The lianas
PHOTO: The lianas snaking in anti-clockwise direction up the plant, along the last 250m stretch of the Main Road to the summit of Bukit Timah Hill
Picture is taken on 03 June 2014 at 2:51pm
http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-Ga0uqHXT6cQ/U5B5Ei2mQBI/AAAAAAAAbng/S995YUJh2xo/s1600/CIMG6692-1.JPG


The lianas snaking in anti-clockwise direction up the plant
PHOTO: The lianas snaking in anti-clockwise direction up the plant, along the last 250m stretch of the Main Road to the summit of Bukit Timah Hill
Picture is taken on 28 May 2014 at 12:45pm
http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-OwAZbuRRyDg/U4_jq7LQFGI/AAAAAAAAbko/_oGKDWi7tBo/s1600/CIMG6361-1.JPG

 
Very tall and handsome trees along the last 200m stretch of the Main Road
PHOTO: Very tall and handsome trees along the last 200m stretch of the Main Road to the summit of Bukit Timah Hill 
Picture is taken on 31 May 2014 at 2:31pm
http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-gZpiUNCJbWs/U4_jtLCSJkI/AAAAAAAAblI/euj37miJdsY/s1600/CIMG6665-1.JPG


he Bukit Timah Nature Reserve Summit, 163.63m.
PHOTO: The Bukit Timah Nature Reserve Summit, 163.63m.
Picture is taken on 24 May 2014 at 1:50pm
http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-OVSuHL_DA-w/U4_jq4tMLQI/AAAAAAAAbkk/Kg9bV_YAEAQ/s1600/CIMG6160.JPG


The steepest slope of the Rock Path
PHOTO: The steepest slope of the Rock Path
No rope, no artificial support, only natural organic vines.
Picture is taken on 11 March 2014 at 12:00pm
http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-1QqvSoJdlAE/U4_jj2jfp3I/AAAAAAAAbiw/3LN_pL8fkfU/s1600/CIMG4402.JPG


The steepest slope of the Rock Path
PHOTO: The steepest slope of the Rock Path
The vines can move, but it provides enough support to reach half-way up the slope.
Picture is taken on 11 March 2014 at 12:01pm
http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-v8WZ7OadAHs/U4_jkX52ScI/AAAAAAAAbi4/HfdTouRpwcw/s1600/CIMG4404.JPG


Half-way up the slope. PHOTO: The steepest slope of the Rock Path
Half-way up the slope. Some more to go before being consider safe.
Picture is taken on 11 March 2014 at 12:01pm
http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-dWZZGtC214E/U4_jklDhamI/AAAAAAAAbjA/Ul0Mm038kTA/s1600/CIMG4405.JPG


Plant flowering during the dry season along the Rock Path
PHOTO: Plant flowering during the dry season along the Rock Path
Picture is taken on 03 March 2014 at 1:13pm
http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-v4ZzFfpsFFs/U4_jh5BmEuI/AAAAAAAAbiM/zv9HwN_ofUE/s1600/CIMG3910.JPG
 

Plant flowering during the dry season along the Rock Path
PHOTO: Plant flowering during the dry season along the Rock Path 
Picture is taken on 05 March 2014 at 12:33pm
http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-h9wOtw4y6w0/U4_ji_zTPwI/AAAAAAAAbic/ijigCdMeZ3o/s1600/CIMG4081.JPG


Plant flowering during the dry season along the Rock Path
PHOTO: Plant flowering during the dry season along the Rock Path 
Picture is taken on 05 March 2014 at 12:33pm
http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-cPwJDVpDmW8/U4_jirimGsI/AAAAAAAAbio/lX7ONTNIPEM/s1600/CIMG4080.JPG


Fallen log along the Rock Path. Appears like a crawling animal with open mouth.
PHOTO: Fallen log along the Rock Path. Appears like a crawling animal with open mouth.
Picture is taken on 05 March 2014 at 12:34pm
http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-CBfIsfu10OU/U4_jkIVaHjI/AAAAAAAAbi0/5XoM34IdjjY/s1600/CIMG4085.JPG
 

Historical vine with rhino horn at the Rock Path PHOTO: Historical vine with rhino horn at the Rock Path near a flowing stream. It is quite long and making it way up the trees.
PHOTO: A long ago fallen tree across the path to the Dairy Farm. Somebody has install some steps and hand supports on the trunk to assist in crossing the obstacle.
Picture is taken on 05 March 2014 at 1:03pm
http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-3RJTz6H-2NQ/U5AgCHRCNBI/AAAAAAAAbms/VHKoQeWr1Ro/s1600/CIMG4185-1.JPG


By making use of the steps and hand supports, the obstacle is overcome much easier.
PHOTO: By making use of the steps and hand supports, the obstacle is overcome much easier. This part of the trail is supposed to be out of bound but many still take the challenge.
Picture is taken on 05 March 2014 at 1:03pm
http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-61vitgsyibA/U5AgA31dYiI/AAAAAAAAbmg/IvCbBWtZbBM/s1600/CIMG4191.JPG


The remains of the railway track across Hindhede Road.
PHOTO: The remains of the railway track across Hindhede Road. The Hindhede Road leads straight to the foot of Bukit Timah hill via Hindhede Drive beside Angsana Estate.
Picture is taken on 29 March 2014 at 1:33pm
http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-cHdnTP7e30E/U4_jsur6OtI/AAAAAAAAblE/2Dy2C_6dAQc/s1600/CIMG6382.JPG


Durian tress bearing fruits along the railway track across Hindhede Road.
PHOTO: Durian tress bearing fruits along the railway track across Hindhede Road.
Picture is taken on 21 May 2014 at 11:35am
http://3.bp.blogspot.com/--uBb7EandkQ/U4_jpHZN0yI/AAAAAAAAbkI/3lpdklInkdk/s1600/CIMG6080-1.JPG


Durian tress bearing fruits along the railway track across Hindhede Road.
PHOTO: Durian tress bearing fruits along the railway track across Hindhede Road.
Picture is taken on 21 May 2014 at 11:37am
http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-75qq-ROgbIw/U4_jphTQy0I/AAAAAAAAbkU/7dxaaSYtCOs/s1600/CIMG6084-1.JPG


Shady trees provide cover from the strong sunlight along the railway track to Dunearn Road.
PHOTO: Shady trees provide cover from the strong sunlight along the railway track to Dunearn Road.
Picture is taken on 21 May 2014 at 11:53am
http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-JuiZWt6jXAM/U4_jp0MaYFI/AAAAAAAAbkc/jhWDuVEeNv8/s1600/CIMG6101.JPG


The communication towers antennas (collectively known as TAS VHF station) as seen from the railway track at Dunearn Road.
PHOTO: The communication towers antennas (collectively known as TAS VHF station) as seen from the railway track at Dunearn Road.
Picture is taken on 06 January 2014 at 2:49pm
http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-9-l2VwdIjIQ/U4_jeemlPlI/AAAAAAAAbhg/mOBztEhPAlU/s1600/CIMG2248.JPG



Reference