Saturday, November 2, 2013

Why do we kiss? It's complicated

My Paper, Friday, November, 2013, Page A19, My Executive, Pop Psychology
From http://epaper.mypaper.sg/emnd/fvxen/fvxp/fvxpress.php?param=2013-11-01
Source Website: http://mypaper.sg/my-executive/why-do-we-kiss-its-complicated-20131101
By NYT, mypaper, Published on Nov 01, 2013


Kissing Betty/Diane
PHOTO: Kissing Betty/Diane
It's never as simple as that, so we have to work in humor, actual eroticism, and fear. The Betty/Rita pre-sex exchange is justifiably famous: a complex fusion of dream, nightmare, feminine mystique, Hollywood glamour, and unstable identities.
Posted by NATHANIEL R on Wednesday, November 28, 2007
http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-1cXV6O5CEv0/UnUT5G6lDZI/AAAAAAAAZKk/IWrM92u524g/s1600/betty_rita_1-1.jpg
http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_Gdt6SgFdNNw/RzIPOORfCrI/AAAAAAAACYQ/dhdhM0Dz6ak/s1600/betty_rita_1.jpg
http://filmexperience.blogspot.sg/2007/11/kissing-bettydiane.html



THERE are some activities common to most people that we enjoy immensely, without much thought and as frequently as opportunity and instinct provide. On occasion, researchers feel the need to know why.

Recently, experimental psychologists at Oxford University explored the function of kissing in romantic relationships.

And surprise! It's complicated.



 'Game of Thrones' Nikolaj Coster-Waldau Defends His 'Complicated' Character Jaime Lannister<br>“With all of them, it's the same. He's in love with a woman, who happens to be his sister. It's very complicated, but it's love.
PHOTO: 'Game of Thrones' Nikolaj Coster-Waldau Defends His 'Complicated' Character Jaime Lannister
“With all of them, it's the same. He's in love with a woman, who happens to be his sister. It's very complicated, but it's love.
"It's complicated, but it's love" - Jaime Lannister with his sister Cersei (Lena Headey)
Posted: 07/03/2013 23:11 GMT  |  Updated: 07/03/2013 23:37 GMT
http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-CYPYPtlfUnk/UnUUmOURBrI/AAAAAAAAZLU/Qz_qJGx1qIw/s1600/o-GAME-OF-THRONES-570.jpg
http://i.huffpost.com/gen/1027325/thumbs/o-GAME-OF-THRONES-570.jpg?1
http://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/2013/03/07/game-of-thrones-nikolaj-coster-waldau-jaime-lannister_n_2832420.html



After conducting an online survey with 308 men and 594 women - mostly from North America and Europe - who ranged from 18 to 63 years old, the researchers concluded that kissing may help people assess potential mates and maintain those relationships.

"The repurposing of the behaviour is very efficient," said Mr Rafael Wlodarski, a doctoral candidate and lead author of the study, published in Archives Of Sexual Behavior.

But another hypothesis about kissing - to elevate sexual arousal and ready a couple for coitus - didn't hold up. While that might be an outcome, the researchers did not find sexual arousal to be the primary driver for kissing.



Researchers did not find sexual arousal to be the primary driver for kissing.
PHOTO: Researchers did not find sexual arousal to be the primary driver for kissing.
French: Photography from the musical Dracula. From left to right: Jonathan Harker (Julien Loko), Mina Murray (Nathalie Fauquette), Lucy Westenra (Anaïs Delva), Dr. Van Helsing (Aymeric Ribot) and Dr. Seward (Laurent Levy).
By LoreleiXScorpio on December 18, 2011
http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-mPJFsRSgoVY/UnUT8OlJJmI/AAAAAAAAZKs/3ln8J1bG6ps/s1600/Dracula_-_18.12.2011_%28274%29.JPG
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/48/Dracula_-_18.12.2011_%28274%29.JPG
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Dracula_-_18.12.2011_%28274%29.JPG



Participants in the survey were asked about their attitudes towards kissing in different phases of romantic relationships.

They were asked about their sexual history: For example, whether they had been more inclined towards casual encounters or long-term relationships. They also had to define their "mate value" by assessing their own attractiveness. Later, during data analysis, the researchers looked at how individual differences affected a person's thoughts on kissing.

The researchers defined kissing as on the lips or open-mouth.

Earlier research had suggested that in a new relationship, a romantic kiss serves to pull two strangers into each other's space, their faces glued together, possibly transmitting pheromonal, sensory and even genetic cues to each other's brain. This could be a kind of primal interview: Could this person be mating material?



Dracula 2012: This could be a kind of primal interview: Could this person be mating material?
PHOTO: Dracula 2012: This could be a kind of primal interview: Could this person be mating material?
Posted by Anish Panicker on Monday, January 21, 2013 at 4:17 PM
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http://www.mollywoodframes.com/2013/01/dracula-2012-on-to-release.html



Mr Wlodarski's results suggest a more nuanced dynamic.

The participants generally rated kissing in casual relationships as most important before sex, less important during sex, even less important after sex and least important "at other times".

Past research has shown that three types of people tend to be choosier in selecting mates who are genetically fit and compatible: Women, people who rate themselves highly attractive and people who favour casual sex.



Three types of people tend to be choosier in selecting mates: Genetically fit and compatible (Woman), people who rate themselves highly attractive, and people who favour casual sex.
PHOTO: Three types of people tend to be choosier in selecting mates: Genetically fit and compatible (Woman), people who rate themselves highly attractive, and people who favour casual sex.
Dracula's Bride Modern Edition, By mary-petroff from deviantART
http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-PUYeWgt0SII/UnUT9d8j78I/AAAAAAAAZK0/Uz0cHImUyqE/s1600/dracula__s_bride_modern_edition_by_mary_petroff-d3fjw49.jpg
http://fc08.deviantart.net/fs71/f/2011/126/b/5/dracula__s_bride_modern_edition_by_mary_petroff-d3fjw49.jpg
http://mary-petroff.deviantart.com/art/Dracula-s-Bride-Modern-Edition-207520857



In the study, those people said kissing was important mostly at the start of a relationship. That may be because, for them, kissing is a quick and easy way to sample a partner's suitability.

After that first kiss, those people are more likely than other subjects to change their mind about a potential partner. If it's not in his kiss, forget about him.

But other people - like men, those who rate themselves as less sexually attractive, and people looking for commitment - might use different criteria to size up their mates. In the search for a partner, these individuals screen for people who seem to have the inclination and resources for a long-term relationship. For them, kissing has a lower priority at the start of dating.



For contented couples, kissing continued to be a conveyor of emotion.
PHOTO: For contented couples, kissing continued to be a conveyor of emotion.
Anima: A kiss in the rain, by Wen-M from deviantART
http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-rbWJTBV-CUk/UnUUErd9tuI/AAAAAAAAZLA/6QmlwVirRPo/s1600/Anima__A_kiss_in_the_rain_by_Wen_M.jpg
http://fc06.deviantart.net/fs10/i/2006/130/0/4/Anima__A_kiss_in_the_rain_by_Wen_M.jpg
http://wen-m.deviantart.com/art/Anima-A-kiss-in-the-rain-33113123



Particularly for men and women looking for long-term relationships, kissing serves other purposes, like relationship upkeep. It is about mediating, ameliorating and sustaining their connections. They rated kissing equally important before sex and at "other times not related to sex".

Among the study's participants who said they were in exclusive relationships, frequency of kissing, rather than of sexual intercourse, was best correlated with relationship happiness. For contented couples, kissing continued to be a conveyor of emotion.



Men and women looking for long-term relationships, kissing serves other purposes, like relationship upkeep.
PHOTO: Men and women looking for long-term relationships, kissing serves other purposes, like relationship upkeep.
Sitting Couple Embrace (Front) 04, by Null-Entity from deviantART
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http://fc03.deviantart.net/fs71/i/2013/211/8/7/sitting_couple_embrace__front__04_by_null_entity-d6fwrxl.jpg
http://null-entity.deviantart.com/#/art/Sitting-Couple-Embrace-Front-04-389520489?hf=1




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