Friday, August 2, 2013

How exercise changes fat and muscle cells

My Paper, Friday, August 02, 2013, Page A25, My Executive, Active, Get Fit
From http://epaper.mypaper.sg/emnd/fvxen/fvxp/fvxpress.php?param=2013-08-02
Source Website: http://mypaper.sg/active/how-exercise-changes-fat-and-muscle-cells-20130802
By NYT, Published on Aug 02, 2013



Studies have found that exercise has an equally profound effect on DNA methylation within human muscle cells, even after a single workout.
PHOTO: Studies have found that exercise has an equally profound effect on DNA methylation within human muscle cells, even after a single workout.
http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-OLWtI3Q2xBo/UfvMXHnZj_I/AAAAAAAAX38/f9-1vHn9bzc/s1600/r-ARM-FLAB-large570-1.jpg
http://i.huffpost.com/gen/1000278/thumbs/r-ARM-FLAB-large570.jpg?15
http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/2013/02/20/flab-exercises_n_2725489.html



NEW YORK - EXERCISE improves health, reducing most people's risks of developing diabetes and growing obese.

But just how, at a cellular level, exercise performs this beneficial magic remains mysterious to a surprising degree.

Several striking new studies, however, offer some clarity by showing that exercise seems able to drastically alter how genes operate.



Exercise seems able to drastically alter how genes operate. Gene activity involves a process called methylation, in which methyl groups - a cluster of carbon and hydrogen atoms - attach to the outside of a gene and make it easier or harder for that gene to receive and respond to messages from the body.
PHOTO: Exercise seems able to drastically alter how genes operate. Gene activity involves a process called methylation, in which methyl groups - a cluster of carbon and hydrogen atoms - attach to the outside of a gene and make it easier or harder for that gene to receive and respond to messages from the body.
http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-B9XTaDs2gY4/UfvMWDjyRpI/AAAAAAAAX3c/_YTOPrBT7_0/s1600/Tecnica-de-masajes-para-reducir-el-abdomen-1.jpg
http://www.otramedicina.com/sites/www.otramedicina.com/files/Tecnica-de-masajes-para-reducir-el-abdomen-1.jpg
http://www.otramedicina.com/4848/5-ejercicios-para-evitar-la-flacidez-en-los-brazos



One powerful means of affecting gene activity involves a process called methylation, in which methyl groups - a cluster of carbon and hydrogen atoms - attach to the outside of a gene and make it easier or harder for that gene to receive and respond to messages from the body.

Researchers affiliated with the Lund University Diabetes Centre in Sweden conducted a study, recruiting several dozen sedentary but generally healthy adult Swedish men and sucking out some of their fat cells.

The researchers mapped the existing methylation patterns on the DNA within those cells and measured the men's body composition, aerobic capacity, waist circumference, blood pressure, cholesterol levels and similar markers of health and fitness.

EXERCISE improves health, reducing most people's risks of developing diabetes and growing obese.  Flab needs attention, love and work to make you healthy and happy, and some fitness experts say losing it is all about adjusting your lifestyle.
PHOTO: EXERCISE improves health, reducing most people's risks of developing diabetes and growing obese.  Flab needs attention, love and work to make you healthy and happy, and some fitness experts say losing it is all about adjusting your lifestyle.

"It's your diet and looking at the lack of exercise."
http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-RavjdSBFkKA/UfvMVznjSYI/AAAAAAAAX3Y/nvsd3JaIKZ4/s1600/5-ejercicios-para-evitar-la-flacidez-en-los-brazos-2-1.jpg
http://www.otramedicina.com/sites/www.otramedicina.com/files/5-ejercicios-para-evitar-la-flacidez-en-los-brazos-2.jpg
http://www.otramedicina.com/4848/5-ejercicios-para-evitar-la-flacidez-en-los-brazos



Then the volunteers began attending hour-long spinning or aerobics classes, approximately twice a week, for six months.

By the end of that time, the men had shed fat and inches around their waists, increased their endurance and improved their blood-pressure and cholesterol profiles.

They had also altered the methylation pattern of many of the genes in their fat cells.

The genes showing the greatest change in methylation also tended to be those that had been identified previously as playing some role in fat storage and the risk of developing diabetes or obesity.



Volunteers began attending hour-long spinning or aerobics classes, approximately twice a week, for six months. By the end of that time, they had shed fat and inches around their waists, increased their endurance and improved their blood-pressure and cholesterol profiles.

PHOTO: Volunteers began attending hour-long spinning or aerobics classes, approximately twice a week, for six months. By the end of that time, they had shed fat and inches around their waists, increased their endurance and improved their blood-pressure and cholesterol profiles.
http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-sA5EL0MbHgo/UfvMWRNHw7I/AAAAAAAAX3k/-3r6FCYArzU/s1600/Tecnica-de-masajes-para-reducir-el-abdomen-3.jpg
http://www.otramedicina.com/sites/www.otramedicina.com/files/Tecnica-de-masajes-para-reducir-el-abdomen-3.jpg
http://www.otramedicina.com/4895/tecnica-de-masajes-para-reducir-el-abdomen?utm_source=gimgs&utm_medium=img2node&utm_campaign=hotlink



Meanwhile, other studies have found that exercise has an equally profound effect on DNA methylation within human muscle cells, even after a single workout.

Associate Professor Charlotte Ling of Lund University said the new findings "are additional proof of the robust effect exercise can have on the human body".
By NYT, Published on Aug 02, 2013



Strenuous Exercises
PHOTO: Strenuous Exercises
Strenuous exercising makes all the muscles in the body work harder so that muscles can be built. This also leads to automatically burning off calories and fat cells and thereby causes a dual effect to take place. That of building muscles and losing fat and therefore leading to a fitter body.

An increase in the heart rate will lead to several changes in the body. Basically, an increase in heart rate means that the heart needs more oxygen and for that to happen, the blood circulation improves and causes the blood to rush to the heart and other body parts carrying with it more oxygen. Therefore all the other systems in the body work hard as well, like the respiratory system and the nervous system because blood is being pumped rapidly through them. Similarly, all the other bodily functions like the heart health, liver and digestive system also work better.
http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-XRhhv5cqzy8/UfvMWCwZA7I/AAAAAAAAX3o/sCnrOmoNNus/s1600/518682-45524-59-1.jpg
http://www.buzzle.com/img/articleImages/518682-45524-59.jpg
http://www.buzzle.com/articles/strenuous-exercise.html



People suffering from back problems, abdominal pains, ulcer in stomach, hernia should consult their doctor before exercising.
PHOTO: People suffering from back problems, abdominal pains, ulcer in stomach, hernia should consult their doctor before exercising.
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http://sheknowsmanythings.files.wordpress.com/2013/06/dhanurasana1.jpg
http://sheknowsmanythings.wordpress.com/2013/06/11/dhanurasana/



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